Zachman
Enterprise/Project scope analysis. To clarify perspectives and responsibility areas. Zachman is a logical structure for classifying and organizing the descriptive representations
Work Breakdown Structure
A hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the
Waterfall
Waterfall is one of the most well discussed software development lifecycle methods out. Depends on the view, it says contradict
W5HH Principle
In project management for Software, there is a so called W5HH principle, to use for ensure that you cover the
VUCA
Volatility – Inherently unstable and can change rapidly. Fast changing technology, cultural influences and so Uncertainty – The lack or
Value Of Information
Measure relationship between Processing, uniqueness an relevance in context. Transported through a channel. For instance, mobile, book, newspaper. The value can
Value Stream Map
A Value Stream Map is used to assess the steps in a process for the value they add or cost
Value Proposition Canvas
Precisely define your customer profilesIdentify your customer’s major Jobs-to-be-done, the pains they face when trying to accomplish their Jobs-to-be-done and
SDLC V-Model
This model might rather fit into a concept than an actual framework or methodology. Instead of Waterfall methodology where all
User Story
In a culture, normally agile, where there are product owners, the requirements is written in User Stories. To be frank,
A common library of type of modeling to visually describe a problem. Primarily used to describe software engineering problems. There
Tuckman Levels of team growth
Tuckman defined the four stages of team activity as follows:  Forming – unclear expectations, boundaries, in need of role definition Storming
While Kruchten splits into Logical, Physical, Development and Process views. Tom Graves identify the modeling into what usually concern the
TOGAF - The Open Group Architecture Framework
This is a framework primarily for enterprise architecture. It provides an approach for designing, planning, implementing, and governing an enterprise
The Twelve Factor App
12 factor app can be seen as a methodology for software developers. It’s purpose is specifically to act as a
Edward De Bono - Six thinking hats
Edward De Bono made up the methodology of “The Six thinking hats” to let different perspectives assess a situation. He
MUDA, MURI, MURA, Nine Wastes
Muda is a Japanese word for waste or any work that the customer is not willing to pay for. This
A company should focus on activities that fall inside three intersecting circles: What you can be the best in the
Dunning Kruger Effect
 1. Unconscious incompetence;  2. Conscious incompetence;  3. Conscious competence;  4. Unconscious competence.
T-Shaped Competence Model
The T Shape model in general visualize the difference in competence in two axis. Either you are broad, an generalist.
SWOT
SWOT Analysis is a technique used to define Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats to a project, organization, unit, initiative etc.
Structured What If Analysis
Structured What If Technique (SWIFT) is a prospective hazards analysis method that uses structured brainstorming with guide words and prompts
STRIDE
STRIDE is a threat classification model developed by Microsoft for thinking about computer security threats. It provides a mnemonic for
Strategy Map
The process of constructing a strategy map aligns a senior leadership team and permits it to do several things: Set
Storyboard
The story board is a artefact that come close to the personas. Usually a Storyboard uses a Persona to travel
Story Map
To be used to describe how a process work in different states of a project life cycle. It also frequently
STEEPLE
When trying to identify factors, influers etcetera. STEEP or STEEPLE is a way to categorize the factors. Social/demographicTechnologicalEconomicEnvironmental (natural)PoliticalLegal Ethical
Sliding Architecture Strategy
The STAS is in the core about the reference architectures at an organization, or a unit within a large organization.
Stakeholder Meetings Strategy
This model act more as a ideated target for meeting with stakeholders. It help increase awareness in what topics and
Stakeholder Journey Mapping
Journey maps can be valuable for scenarios that describe a sequence of events. For instance, mapping multiple scenarios for one
Stakeholder Empathy Mapping
There are some more common models of this, than others. The key point is to map out the concerns that
A stakeholder analysis map might be more of a structured way of working with collaboration, rather than a “method” by
Spiral SDLC
The spiral model starts with an initial pass through a standard waterfall life cycle, using a subset of the total
SMART Goals
S-Specific, this is the what, where, how when and with whom part of the goal. For example: I want to
Six sources Strategy Matrix
This model comes from this book Influencer: The Power to Change Anything, by Kerry Patterson, Joseph Grenny, David Maxfield, Ron McMillan,
SIPOC - Supplier, Inputs, Process, Outputs, Customers
A Six Sigma tool used to visualize flows. A typical purpose can be to reduce waste or develop existing processes
Seven methods of IT Service Cost Allocation
Changes to services, and new services imply change in cost to serve – know these costs through a CMDB or
Scrum
In contrary to waterfall, a building methodology of a software can be done according to Scrum. The difference is basically
Scenario Planning
Herman Khan and Gaston Berger has ben known for developing scenario planning. Khan was working for the Military and Berger
The Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe®) helps businesses address the significant challenges of developing and delivering enterprise-class software and systems in
Rumsfeld Uncertainty
According to Rumsfeld, it’s crucial to evaluate “unknown knowns” and unknown unknowns. A part of the idea is to declare
ROSI - Return of Security Investment
ROSI is a ROI extended with security concerns. This simple evaluation concept applies to every investment, including security. The strength
Risk management
n a risk assessment document Identify –>AnalyzePlanTrackControl —> Retired tasks Four basic strategies to manage any risk: Risk Transference –
Risk Control Quadrant
Inspiration of a way to apply risk control.
Root Cause Analysis
RCA do have many faces. A specific success key in this method is to decide what the problem is, then
Ralph Stacy Matrix
This framework partially touch the philosophical plane of assessing. It reach out for way forward to navigate, a solution or
RACI
RACI stands for ResponsibleAccountableConsulted Informed In its simplest form, RACI is a grid with a list of procedures or processes
Perspectives on how change management appar different from a technical and behavioral perspective.
PROSCI - ADKAR
ADKAR Model is a goal-oriented management model. Uses for instance to guide through a change in organization or a larger
Project Framing Matrix
In a stright forward way frame a project current need, and over time, trending changes.
When prioritizing and planning projects, life is easier to have a bunch of simple models to support structure. The Project
Product Value Chain
A general method to publish the value chain of a product or a service. Where does the revenue o a
Product Market Fit
Lean development och product oriented development börjar segla upp i popularitet. Det mångåriga fokuset på begreppet “agil” går mot ett
Porters Value Chain
Elements – Rather than looking at departments or accounting cost types, Porter’s Value Chain focuses on systems, and how inputs
Pm3 är en modell för förvaltningsstyrning och omfattar framförallt förvaltningsdelen (vidmakthållande och vidareutveckling) i en applikations livscykel. Jämför man exempelvis
PEST
PESTLE can be seen as a view on the external environment, in which an organization is operating. As comparation, the
PERT is a estimation technique that uses statistical aspects on the amount of effort needed for a project and it’s parts. Normally PERT is done together with CPM (Critical Path Method) and visualized as a network diagram.
Pecha Kucha 20x20
This is a style of presentation built on the idea that one must be efficient in it’s communication to the
Pragmatic EA Principles
MACE (the columns in the modelled image above) is a method to use when categorizing EA principles. Traditionally, principles is
Plan Do Check Act
PDCA is used to reflect over a given problem and get some activities out from it. A given problem can
PBA (PBAAM) - Perspective Based Architecture Approach Model
The PBA model can feel somewhat daunting, but is a powerful tool to achieve information about a architecture, from a
Pace Layered Architecture
The art of PLA is to pace and accelerate parts of the organizations architecture in a way that enable shorter
Observe Orient Decide Act
This four step decision making loop is used to frame available information. The framed information is to be put into
OARP stands for OwnerAccountableResponsibleParticipant  The OARP framework is some kind of cousin, but i bet the authors of each does
No Quadrants Quadrant
The ultimate quadrant might be the quadrant of quadrants. Author unknown.
Nine-Box Analysis
Nine-box is a common Wall Street assessment of a company, and can be performed between companies. http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2014/01/06/apple-google-amazon-merckel/?section=magazines_fortune Cash Flow from
Mura is the waste of unevenness or inconsistency. Depending on your context, it can have more than one manifestation. Identifying
MSF - Microsoft Solutions Framework
MSF was created to maximize the success of IT projects throughout the entire IT life cycle. This information is derived
Within software development, the chunk of work is estimated in time and effort. Often the work has to be prioritized,
mof_microsoft_operations_framework.png
Microsoft Operations Framework (MOF) consists of integrated best practices, principles, and activities that provide comprehensive guidelines for achieving reliability for
Missing Value of Architecture
Philip Kruchten, known for the 4+1 View Models, promotes to think of where software architecture loosing value. Also read as
Miles and Snow
A model that make use of certain type of cultures that organizations tend to have on the market. I.e. in
MIKE 2.0
Is used for enterprise information management.
MDA - Model Driven Architecture
Model Driven Architecture. A software design approach for the development of software systems. It provides a set of guidelines for
Lencionis 5 Dysfunctions
Lack of trustFear of conflictLack of commitmentAvoiding accountabilityInattention to results Dysfunctional teams are common in business; however, if one believe
Lean Canvas Template
Lean Canvas is an adaptation of Business Model Canvas by Alexander Osterwalder which Ash Maurya created in the Lean Startup
Lean Business Change Canvas
Urgency – key drivers for the proposed change Change recipients – key stakeholders impacted Vision – how strategic objcvs and
The model help to discern layers or levels of a person- or groups acceptance to a event, i.e. a change.
4+1 Architectural View Model.svg
The view models is a method to describe the architecture from different views. According to this model, you can describe
Relative to CMM (Corporate Maturity Model) there is also a maturity model for measuring knowledge and its impact and value
Johari Window
This is a psychological tool created by Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in 1955. It can be simple and useful
Job Stories
More of a concept and idea, than a model. The concept gains in popularity because it lends itself to more
ITIL - Information Technology Infrastructure Library
To easier maintain and manage the numerous number of simultaneous changes over a large organization. ITIL is basically a set
ITABoK
IasaGlobal provides this large set of practical guidelines and some methodologies for driving IT architecture. It does also act as
An international standard for IT Service Management promoting a code of practice and describes the best practices for the adoption
IRM - Vintergatan
The Milky Way model (Vintergatan) is a Swedish born framework that focus on visualize flows and capabilities that flows through
INVEST
Similarly to SMART Goals, the User Stories within software development says to be INVEST. INVEST is a widely accepted (expected)
Can be used to classify and sort innovation projects and initiatives.
Illinois Model
The idea with the framework is to be an template for how to thrive in complexity and uncertainty. Specifically in
Use ICEPAC to form a compelling presentation. Designed for teaching / instruction but equally applicable to public speaking and presentations.
QFD - Quality function deployment
This product development process tool is inspired by the customers demands. It can be performed on a number of ways.
Hoshin Kanri
In the domain of reducing waste, focus on lean. Hoshin Kanri is also known as policy deployment and is a
Hiearchy of Disagreement
Graham’s hierarchy is a concept built on seven levels. The point with the levels is to differentiate the level of
The Five Great Presentation Techniques
ICEPACQualities of a useful presentation: Interest, Comprehension, Emphasis, Participation, Accomplishment, ConfirmationCRESTThe five types of verbal support used to enhance an
Valuation Template
An general example of a valuation template that can be used together with a business case. The purpose might be
In project management perspective, the project might be delivered in stage gates. Those can than be used to match the
Gartners I&O IT Maturity Model
This is a model from Gartner that assesses maturity in the critical dimensions People, Process, Technology and Business management. The

Cool Tool Café – Strategy Tools Repository
Please reach out to jonas@immateriell.se if you know models, frameworks or methodologies that should be here. To read the basic idea about the repository, please read this.

Cool Tool Café – Levels Explained
Tools are added as per lean MVP principles. “Identification first” – “relentless improvement next”. Look out for this levels for the quality aspect of each post.

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